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Chung-Ang University Researchers Use Carbon Capture and Utilization Technology to Recycle Industrial Carbon Dioxide

관리자 2023-09-12 Views 791

RESEARCH NEWS STORY



Chung-Ang University Researchers Use Carbon Capture and Utilization Technology to Recycle Industrial Carbon Dioxide


A new study discusses a sustainable process for the efficient conversion of carbon dioxide emissions into commercially valuable products


Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are a primary cause of climate change and one of the world's most pressing problems. Although countries across the globe are striving hard to achieve carbon neutrality, there remains a critical need for undertaking sustained efforts to mitigate the released carbon. A new Chung-Ang University study now suggests a commercial, eco-friendly, and sustainable method of generating value-added products using industrial CO2 with a 20% lower global warming potential.



Repurposing industrial wastes such as carbon dioxide can significantly mitigate the effects of global warming and climate change at scale.

Image title: Fighting climate change needs urgent global prioritization.

Image caption: Repurposing industrial wastes such as carbon dioxide can significantly mitigate the effects of global warming and climate change at scale.

Image credit: Public Domain Photos from Openverse 

Image source link: https://openverse.org/image/60ed779d-0afa-4564-a979-a448f167db81?q=chimney 

License type: CC BY 2.0


Climate change is a serious concern that needs to be prioritized globally. Nations across the globe are drafting policies to reduce the impact of global warming and climate change. For instance, the European Union has recommended a comprehensive set of guidelines to achieve climate neutrality by 2050. Likewise, the European Green Deal puts heavy emphasis on reducing greenhouse gas emissions. 


The capture of emitted carbon dioxide (CO2) and its chemical conversion into useful commercial products is one way to limit global warming and mitigate its effects. Scientists are now looking into carbon capture and utilization (CCU) technology as a promising approach to expanding CO2 storage and conversion at a low cost. Global CCU research, however, is largely limited to only about 20 conversion compounds. Given the variety of CO2 emission sources, it is critical to have a wider range of chemical compounds, which necessitates delving deeper into processes that can convert CO2 even at low concentrations.


A team of researchers from Chung-Ang University in Korea are conducting research on CCU processes that use waste materials or abundant natural resources as raw materials to ensure their economic feasibility. The team, led by Professor Sungho Yoon and Associate Professor Chul-Jin Lee, recently published a study where they discuss the utilization of industrial CO2 and dolomite—a common and abundant sedimentary rock that is a rich source of calcium and magnesium—for the production of two commercially viable products: calcium formate and magnesium oxide. The study was made available online on May 22, 2023 and was published in Volume 469 of the Chemical Engineering Journal on August 1, 2023


There is a growing interest in utilizing CO2 to produce valuable products that can help mitigate climate change while creating economic benefits. By combining CO2 hydrogenation and cation exchange reaction, a process for simultaneous metal oxide purification and high-value formate production has been developed,” remarks Prof. Yoon. 


In their study, the researchers used a catalyst (Ru/bpyTN-30-CTF) to add hydrogen to CO2, which resulted in the production of two value-added products, calcium formate and magnesium oxide. Calcium formate, a cement additive, de-icing agent, and animal feed additive, is also used in leather tanning. Magnesium oxide, in contrast, is extensively used in the construction and pharmaceutical industries. The process was not only viable but also extremely rapid, yielding the products in just 5 minutes at room temperature. Moreover, the researchers estimated that this process could reduce global warming potential by 20% when compared to traditional calcium formate production methods.


The team also evaluated if their method could potentially replace the current production approaches by checking its environmental impact and economic feasibility. “Based on the results, we can say that our method offers an eco-friendly CO2 conversion alternative that could replace the conventional approaches, potentially contributing to the reduction of industrial CO2 emissions,” Prof. Yoon explains.


Although converting CO2 into meaningful products sounds promising, these processes are not always easy to scale up. Most of the CCU technologies have not been commercialized owing to their low economic feasibility compared to the prevailing commercial processes. “We need to combine CCU processes with waste material recycling to make them both environmentally and economically beneficial. This may contribute to achieving a net-zero emissions goal in the future,” concludes a hopeful Dr. Lee.


Reference

 

Authors

 

Title of original paper

 

 

Journal

 

Hayoung Yoona, Taeksang Yoonb, Chul-Jin Leeb,c, Sungho Yoona

 

Kinetic conversion of magnesium and calcium ions of dolomite into useful value-added products using CO2

 

Chemical Engineering Journal

 

 

DOI

 

Affiliations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2023.143684

 

aDepartment of Chemistry, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea

 

bSchool of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea

 

cDepartment of Intelligent Energy and Industry, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea


About Chung-Ang University

Chung-Ang University is a private comprehensive research university located in Seoul, South Korea. It was started as a kindergarten in 1916 and attained university status in 1953. It is fully accredited by the Ministry of Education of Korea. Chung-Ang University conducts research activities under the slogan of “Justice and Truth.” Its new vision for completing 100 years is “The Global Creative Leader.” Chung-Ang University offers undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral programs, which encompass a law school, management program, and medical school; it has 16 undergraduate and graduate schools each. Chung-Ang University’s culture and arts programs are considered the best in Korea.


About Professor Sungho Yoon 

Sungho Yoon is a Professor in the Department of Chemistry at Chung-Ang University. His group is researching inorganic catalysts for reactions like hydrogenation and carbonylation, aiming to create diverse spin-off applications with significant societal benefits. 

Read more about Prof. Yoon here: https://scholarworks.bwise.kr/cau/researcher-profile?ep=1238


About Associate Professor Chul-Jin Lee 

Chul-Jin Lee is an Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science at Chung-Ang University. His group is actively involved in sustainable process design, optimization, and the application of machine learning to process systems. 

Read more about Prof. Lee here: https://scholarworks.bwise.kr/cau/researcher-profile?ep=993